Reference scenario

The Reference or Baseline scenario serves as a benchmark, since it depicts a future state of the world in which no new specific policies (apart from the current ones) are implemented to help increasing the level of sustainability worldwide.

The Reference Scenario reproduces one of the Socio-economic Shared Pathways (specifically, SSP2), recently provided by the climate change community to analyse challenges of future society, in terms of both climate change mitigation and adaptation. SSP2 represents an intermediate scenario, driven by specific assumptions on: population trends, GDP growth, technology development.